Title: Developing a Policy Framework for Building Energy Efficiency through City to City Collaboration Between the Kuala Lumpur Government and Tokyo Metropolitan Government

Client : Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)

Project Cost: JPY 4.0 million

Duration: 12 months

Status : Completed

Team Leader: Prof. Dr. Ho Chin Siong



Introductory project to develop an overview of the policies relating to energy efficiency in buildings within the city of Kuala Lumpur. This overview will be used to draft a proposal for the subsequent research project to be funded by Japanese agencies.

Tokyo Metropolitan Government has developed measures for both existing and new buildings, and by using its experience it can support Kuala Lumpur in streamlining its sustainable building policy framework.

The concentration of populations in urban areas is on the rise in developing countries where economic development is skyrocketing. To create low-carbon, resilient societies in these countries, low-carbon urban infrastructure and facilities that will be used for long periods of times should be introduced from the outset, and it is necessary to encourage a switch to low-carbon infrastructure and facilities when updating that which is already in place. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the development of superior low-carbon technologies has gained ground and policies and measures have been introduced to expand the use of such technologies in Japan, which is promoting energy conservation looking towards the creation of low-carbon societies, under its obligation to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

To contribute to the achievement of leapfrog style development in cities in developing countries through the development and packaging of knowledge and know-how on these technologies and policies, the Ministry of the Environment, Japan (MOEJ) launched the “City-to-City Collaboration for Low-Carbon Society” (“City-to-City Collaboration Programme”) in 2013. Since then, Japan has made contributions to international society towards  the achievement of the goals of the Paris Agreement in collaboration with a diverse set of entities both in Japan and abroad

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government and Kuala Lumpur have built up a relationship as member cities of the “Asian Network of Major Cities 21 (ANMC21)” established in 2001 and as members of the C40 (Cities Climate Leadership Group). Both IGES, the proponent of this project, and the local coordinator, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, are organisations that collaborated in the formulation of the “Kuala Lumpur Low Carbon Society Blueprint 2030” in 2018.

This project will help achieve the goals of this blueprint, which aims to reduce  CO2  emissions by  70%  based on forecasts of the situation and events to 2030, and transfer the experience and expert knowledge of the   Tokyo   Metropolitan Government on systems to expand the use of energy-efficient buildings to Kuala Lumpur.

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